McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act
The face of homelessness is a child: A child who may have moved three times in a year, may be living with a family or in a shelter, and may have changed schools numerous times. A child in this situation does not worry about learning or homework, but about where to sleep or where to get something to eat.
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act is helping children and families with enrollment, transportation, and school meals. The Bryant School District is trying to make a difference by assisting children and families with clothing, school supplies, and connecting them to resources in the community.
Causes of homelessness:
· Lack of affordable housing
· Deep poverty
· Health problems
· Domestic violence
· Natural and other disasters
· Abuse/neglect (unaccompanied youth)
Barriers to education for homeless children and youth:
· Enrollment requirements (school records, immunizations, proof of residence, and guardianship)
· High mobility resulting in lack of school stability and education continuity
· Lack of access to programs
· Lack of transportation
· Lack of school supplies, clothing, etc.
· Poor health, fatigue, hunger
Who are homeless children and youth?
Individuals who lack a fixed, adequate, and regular nighttime residence such as those:
· Living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings
· Living in hotels, motels, or trailer parks or campgrounds due to lack of affordable housing
· Awaiting foster care placement
· Children abandoned in hospitals
· Sleeping in public or private places not designed as a regular sleeping accommodations for humans
· Living with others due to lack of permanent housing as a result of economic hardship
· Living in emergency or transitional shelters
· Unaccompanied Youth
· Migratory children living in the above situations